Introduction to the human body

The human body: systems, organs, and main functions

The human body is composed of several different subsystems ranging from microscopic scales to macroscopic levels. All the functions are controlled by one or more organ systems. One specific organ might be involved in different organ systems (e.g pancreas, kidney…) depending on its functions. [1-2]

CherryBiotech-system-of-the-body-figure-1-human-body Figure 1: Human body


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  1. Marieb EN, Lachaîne R. Anatomie et physiologie humaines. 2e éd. Saint-Laurent Québec: De Boeck Université; 1999.
  2. Sherwood L. Human physiology: from cells to systems [Internet]. 2015.
  3. McLafferty E, Hendry C, Farley A. The integumentary system: anatomy, physiology, and function of the skin. Nurs Stand.
  4. Soetan KO, Olaiya CO, Oyewole OE. The importance of mineral elements for humans, domestic animals, and plants – A review. African J Food Sci. 2010;4(5):200–22.
  5. Cooper B. The origins of bone marrow as the seedbed of our blood: from antiquity to the time of Osler. Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) [Internet]. 2011 Apr;24(2):115–8.
  6. Cohen B. Memmler’s Structure and Function of the Human body, SC. 2015.
  7. Kenney W, Wilmore J, Costill D. Physiology of Sport and Exercise 6th Edition. 2015.
  8. Kreibig S. Autonomic nervous system activity in emotion: A review. Biol Psychol.
  9. Casals-Casas C, Desvergne B. Endocrine Disruptors: From Endocrine to Metabolic Disruption. Annu Rev Physiol.
  10. Nelson B, Kaliakatsos I. Microrobots for minimally invasive medicine. Annu Rev. 2010.
  11. Sherwood L. Human physiology: from cells to systems. 2015.
  12. Romagnani S. The role of lymphocytes in allergic disease. J Allergy Clin Immunol.
  13. Dickson R, Erb-Downward J. The role of the bacterial microbiome in lung disease. Expert Rev. 2013.
  14. Gropper S, Smith J. Advanced nutrition and human metabolism. 2012.
  15. Boron W, Boulpaep E. Medical physiology. 2016.

See also :

What Are the Organ Systems of the Human Body?

The Human Body: Anatomy, Facts & Functions

Written by Pablo Salaverria


Pablo is part of the H2020-MSCA-ITN-ETN-DivIDe European network. LEARN MORE.


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